Grammar is one of the three liberal arts that compose the Trivium, the lower division of the seven liberal arts of the medieval university. The Trivium is formed by Grammar, Logic, and Rhetoric. Meanwhile, the higher level of the liberal arts, the Quadrivium, is formed by Arithmetic, Geometry, Music and Astronomy.
Grammar or general grammar focuses on answering four main questions of the subject: Who, What, Where and When. The purpose of grammar is to order basic facts in an understandable way that creates knowledge. It is the first contact a student has with the concepts of verbal expression and word order in sentences and it is the first time a student can be conscious of it.
It is the first self-conscious technique used to organize certain amount of raw information into a proper, sequential and rational way in order to let a reader or learner gain certain understanding and knowledge of it through logic. This doesn’t only help a student organize words on paper, it also helps to organize their individual mind in a way that makes sense.
Foundations of Objective Knowledge
General grammar links words to reality, to facts and objective information in order to create the basis or foundations of objective knowledge; which is to say, knowledge based on real perception and information. After the information has been arranged into a form that makes sense, following the grammar rules and being mindful about the arrangement, it can be subjected to logic, the second step, where the information will be truly understood during this separate process.
The basics of grammar start with the body of rules created by each language in order to define what sentences are permissible and what is not allowed. In English, there are a few basic structures around which sentences are built. The most basic form of a full sentence is composed of a subject and a verb. Working from this initial form, you can add an object the subject relates to, an adjective to describe the subject, an adverb to talk about place or time or a noun to define something about the subject.
After this, there are a number of things that can be added to a sentence in order to involve more information available and to create a new piece of real information that can be subject to logic further on.
Although it might be easy to think that grammar is not something important, to stop and think about, because we simply grow up knowing how to talk, what sounds right and what doesn’t, the truth is that proper grammar is the basis for something much bigger. Understanding grammar can help you understand information more easily, more in depth, and it can also help you communicate better, share information and teach on a higher level. It is easy to settle with knowing the basics but if you take the chance to really understand language, you will have the chance to start working on the next levels, where you will question the veracity of a certain piece of information you receive. This will lead to more things making you, in general, a more conscious being.