Logic as a Second Step
Although logic should be an innate mental process for any person, the truth is that the Internet has made people lazy, making us believe that the first page of information we find will have what we are looking for. We now live in a world where an overwhelming influx of information is put out there by any number of people, that we can no longer simply trust everything we read or hear. The bitter truth is that we have neglected the logical process of questioning on whether a piece of information presented is actually true or not.
Basically, logic is what guides a person on how to think correctly and how to identify non-contradictory, valid information. In order to work, logic needs proof. It needs to know that what the mind is absorbing can be verified as a true statement. In other words, it needs to validate the concept and make sure it corresponds with factual reality. This is done by carrying out a conscious process that starts at the higher level thoughts of logic and reaches deep down into the simplest and most factual data.
If a false logical assumption is made, it is known as a logical fallacy. This fallacy can be formal, based on the deductive information on an argument. It can also be informal, which is easier to recognize. This also makes it easier to make an argument invalid for other types of reasons such as pragmatic or dialectical ones. The informal logical fallacies can be categorized into three main groups: presumption, ambiguity and relevance. In essence, logic helps us align our individual thoughts and minds with the processes that go on in the world that surrounds us, helping us understand our experiences and process them.
Logic was one of the seven liberal arts taught in the medieval university. These liberal arts were divided into two main groups, the lower and the higher divisions. The lower division, called the Trivium, was composed of Grammar, Logic and Rhetoric. The higher division, called the Quadrivium, was composed of Arithmetic, Geometry, Music and Astronomy.
The first discipline in the Trivium was Grammar, which taught students the correct way in which language works. It taught all there is about language mechanisms and technicalities, and thus students were able to learn how to properly describe and share the things they have perceived through their physical senses. It lets people look into veridical information that they already have and write it down in a manner and order that makes sense to a reader.
Logic is the second step that naturally follows Grammar in the three elementary groups of the Trivium division. By definition, it pertains to our ability to process information presented to us and use reason in order to determine whether it is valid or contradictory, good or bad, real or false. In other words, it is the argument within our own mind that weighs in whether to accept or discard a certain piece of information.
As human beings striving to be better, we should always question and search for the truth behind every statement. This is the only way by which we can be able to move on to rhetoric in order to complete the cycle involved in proving something as veridical.